Herniated disc condition of the spine, or the bulged disc condition of the spine, PIVD also known as the "Protruded inter-vertebral disc condition" of the spine are the dissimilar names of the same health problem. In this health condition, the disc in the middle of two vertebral bodies of the spine starts protruding on Front side anterior or the Front-end, or posterior or the Rear end. These discs are like bags filled with liquid, and work like shock-absorbent or provide the cushion to the spine. There are many hard bony vertebrae in the vertebral column and there is a lot of movements at the location of these. When the patient turns from one side to the other side, or we lift his head upwards, lowers it down and even if he bends forward or backward, there will be movement in the spine. These discs are critical for the free movements of the spine. Apart from these situations - when we walk/run there will be shocks and jerks occurring along the spine and these bags are crucial for balancing any kind of jerks in between the spine. Hence, these discs are vital for the normal functioning of the human body.
The spine of a human being is inverted "S" shape. It consists of two main curvatures along the length of the spine which are flexible to move according to the posture of the human being –These are the "cervical" and "lumbar" curvatures. They function perfectly due to the spaces in between the two vertebrae. When there is a difference (especially reduction) of the space between two vertebrae, excess pressure will be exerted on the inter-vertebral discs. Due to the irregular pressure on one of the disc, it results in protrusion or a bulge or the herniation of the disc. This is known as the "SLIP DISC" condition of the spine.
In most cases, the "slip disc" condition is identified by observing certain signs and symptoms in the patient’s spine. When a disturbance due to slip disc occurs, it starts exerting pressure on the nerves surrounding the disc of a human body. The nerve around the slip disc will be excited which causes a sensation of Pain, Burning or Numbness in that area of the nerve. The pain or sensation can be experienced in other areas of the human body, through which that nerve travels. It can also be limited to a location in neck or back of the human body.
Usually, the modern medical science believes that this situation of the spine occurs due to a disturbance just in bones and joints of the vertebral disc. Whereas Ayurveda takes a "Wholistic" approach towards slip disc problem of the spine and proclaims the truth that this is a problem at three levels
These are unlike tissue levels according to Ayurveda:
The "Mamsa" is the muscle portion of the Human Body.
The bones are referred to as "Asthi" and all other constituents in between and in the bones are referred to as the "Majja" in Ayurveda.
The muscles are referred to as "Mamsa", starts hardening due to the lack of fluid, irregular diet patterns and imbalanced lifestyle of the patient. It deteriorates the shape of the spine, which will lead to deterioration of intervertebral discs of the patient.
"Asthi" or "the bony tissue" is affected due to problem in the muscles of the patient.
"Majja" or "the spine" will be compressed mainly due to pressure and also due to other effects.
Hence, "slip disc" of the spine must be treated wisely, and with a holistic approach. The process of discarding the bulging tissues, also known as Laminotomy should be avoided. This is the basic reason because of which there are risks associated with the surgery of the patients’ spine. In most of the cases, when treated with modern science and operated, the patient had to go for a second surgery to stay pain-free. This is a mechanical problem of the spine, so medicines alone can give you temporary relief. So, it is better for the patient to save money and invest it on the complete cure for the problem, rather than to just take the painkillers and medicines. They will be indicated in epilepsy to just reduce the signs and symptoms.
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